How to Write a Research Paper: Sections Explained

There doesn’t exist a single manner or style of jotting an academic paper. Variations occur in the writing style and paper presentations as in educational fields. There are standard parts to documents, and they include:

  • Title and Cover Page

The section encloses the paper’s title, the author’s name, the phone number, email, address, and the date.

  • Abstract

Not all academic papers need an abstract. For the more complex documents, abstracts are mandatory and practically useful. It spans about 100 to 300 words in length. It also provides a broader overview of the whole project that never surpasses an entire page. It gives an in-depth description of the purpose of the text, highlights the paper’s central theme, and encloses the research question, the significance of the research, the study methods, and the study’s vital results and findings. The abstract does not contain footnotes, not citations. It would be best if you took your time in coming up with the abstract as it summarizes the project, and it is also the first thing that the reader will see. It will be the sealer or breaker for your deal. Be sure to make an impression with apt content, great style, and an appealing flow. Be careful and steady when jotting the abstract.

  • Introduction

A great introduction highlights the main problem of the research and also encloses the thesis. Avoid giving a lengthy justification for your study before you explicitly state it.

  • Study Limitations

Tell the reader about your intentions with the research and what you would like to attempt. You can limit the study’s breadth by a given number of factors like time, personnel, age, gender, nationality, and demography.

  • Methodology

You will discuss the methods for your research under this section. Inform the audience whether you employ qualitative or quantitative research methods and inform the reader whether you incorporated interviews or questionnaires, or field research in your study. State the way you used it in data collection.

  • Literature Review

This section will illuminate what other authors have jotted based on your topic. You must discuss what gets already known about the issue and how you retrieved that information. You can then go ahead and build on your research after you have provided the sp[ecifics of the contents.

  • Argument or the Main body

It is the longest part of the paper, and this is where the writer gives support to the thesis statement and builds on the argument. The citations will appear severally in this section as well as the analysis. Therefore, the writer should focus on the development of the thesis rationally with a stable and robust argumentation on the available points. Avoid meaningless issues and digressions and show off your strength in explaining and backing up your arguments.

  • Conclusion

Once you have taken quite some time and a better share of your precious energy, arguing the main points in the body of your paper, the conclusion sums up everything and brings out all the necessary meanings. Be sure to jot an informative, healthy, and stimulating argument that will satisfy the audience and be exceptionally informed. Be sure to make your conclusion bring sense when it gets read independently from the paper’s other contents. It must leave the reader not asking any questions from the work they have read.

  • Appendices

Academic research papers often house at least one or two appendices. The appendix houses relevant material that is considered appropriate for broadening the reader’s understanding and perspective, but that which does not fit well in the main section of the paper. The material included here includes tables, item lists, pictures, maps, letters, questionnaires, historical documents, copies, photographs, glossaries, statistics, instruments of a survey, charts, interview questions, summaries, and any other material that supplements the research. A single paper may contain many appendices. They get strategically placed after the text’s main body but before the reference page or the bibliography. The appendices get typically given designated headings and titles like Appendix A or Appendix B, and the list goes on and on.